BENCHMARKING ANALYSIS OF PATENT AND TRADEMARK APPLICATIONS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION: COMPREHENSIVE INNOVATION POLICY EVALUATION FOR YEARS 1960-2013

Jari Roy Lee Kaivo-oja

Abstract


This study provides benchmarking analysis of patent and trademark applications in the European Union. The objectives of benchmarking are (1) to determine what and where improvements are called for, (2) to analyze how other nations achieve their high performance levels, and (3) to use this information to improve performance in favor of the EU Internal Market. The benchmarking study provides benchmarking results about (1) patent applications of residents and nonresidents, (2) trademark applications of residents and nonresidents, (3) total patent applications, and (4) total trademark applications. The study also provides benchmarking analyses about patent and trademark application in relation to population and gross domestic product. The results of benchmarking cover the time period 1960-2013. The study provides some comparative statistical analyses and discusses whether there has been convergence in patent and trademark activity in the European Union. The study identifies top 10 champions in the different categories of patent and trademark activity. Key results will be reported in the forms of descriptive statistics, Pareto charts, and key statistical indicators. Some special indicators of innovation activity will be reported. The study provides some policy relevant results for the EU Internal Market development

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.eis.0.10.14611


Keywords


Patent applications, trademark applications, EU-28, benchmarking, innovation policy, innovation management, residents, nonresidents, trend analysis

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Print ISSN: 1822-8402
Online ISSN: 2335-8831