THE ROLE OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION INSTITUTIONS IN IMPROVED APPROACHES TO MODERN LABOUR FORCE TRAINING

Ilze Buligina, Biruta Sloka

Abstract


The current research is aimed at studying the role of public administration institutions in securing improved approaches towards modern labour force training. More specifically, the research is being targeted at the existing and emerging institutional approaches (mechanisms) for a comprehensive treatment of the problem of labour market skills in relation to ‘innovation capable’ labour force. The presupposition behind the research is that the relatively weak links between the higher education and research system and the vocational education and training system may be a potential obstacle for the training of ‘innovation capable’ workforce at all levels. To study the problem, the opinions of the relevant stakeholders were obtained and analysed. The aim of the paper thus is to analyse the current theoretical approaches regarding the research problem and to present the results of the related empirical study. The textual analysis was based on the current policy and academic discourse regarding the research problem.  Through the empirical study the opinions of the relevant stakeholders regarding their attitudes  on the research questions were studied. The content of the empirical study was related to the new initiatives of the Latvian policy makers in vocation education and training. A certain emphasis in the research has been put on the newly established Branch Expert Councils and their role for future labour force training. This has enabled us to draw conclusions regarding the research problem. Based on these results, further practical recommendations for possible improvements of approaches to the training of modern labour force will be developed. As a result of the research the following conclusions have been drawn: in the new situation of the labour market the change of attitudes is of utmost importance for promoting new developments. New and sustainable institutional mechanisms are needed for a successful training of modern labour force.  The issue on creating and securing closer links between the higher education and research system and the vocational education and training system for  preparing the modern labour force may need more attention in future. The existing traditional approaches, on the one hand, may secure stability and continuity, but on the other hand, may act as potential hindering factors, given the overall novelty of the global economic situation. Therefore, further academic research is needed on how to create and secure flexible and enduring future models. Further studies are also needed on the possible effects the existing and emerging institutional mechanisms may leave on the training of the modern workforce, and vice versa. More specifically regarding the empirical study –  the range and the polarity of answers, as well as the included ideas and comments will serve as a base for next stages in the research, as well as for preparation of realistic and research based suggestions for policy makers.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.eis.0.6.1611


Keywords


labour force; training; innovation; skills gap; institutional mechanisms

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Print ISSN: 1822-8402
Online ISSN: 2335-8831