TENDENCIES OF DEVELOPMENT OF JEAN MONNET ACTION DURING THE PERIOD OF TWO DECADES (1989-2010)

Zivile Pauzaite, Kestutis Krisciunas

Abstract


The paper points out the phenomenon that the European Union and its integration processes is, where one of the keystones of its development is the uniting  of people and states towards the common interests and shared goals through the understanding of a common idea of the European integration. From the many years of discussions regarding the origins of the European integration and the foundation of the European Union – it appears that the education and enlightenment of the society, as well as communication with it are one of the most important factors contributing to the success of the European integration processes. Understanding and being aware of on-going processes makes society feel participating in decision making towards the common idea of the European Union. The European Commission (EC) puts much effort towards the dissemination of up-dated information to the society through various ways and instruments. In parallel with all this a specific instrument – a Jean Monnet Action (JMA) – was launched in 1990 by the European Commission following request of many universities aimed to boost the understanding of European issues within and outside academic community, inside and outside the European Union.

The research problem analysed in this article: why the Jean Monnet Action appears as a specific instrument of the EC? Why is it important to analyse the Jean Monnet Action from the perspective of its development, and how is it related to European Union and its integration processes? What are the tendencies of the development of the Jean Monnet Action starting from its implementation and during the period of twenty years (taking into account the geographical aspect, number of actors and number of projects)?

The object of the research is selected tendencies the development of the Jean Monnet Action during the period of two decades of its implementation. The aim of this article is to highlight the main tendencies of the development of the Jean Monnet Action starting from its implementation beginning with the year 1989 and until the year 2010. To achieve the aim three tasks were accomplished: (i) to highlight the specificity of the Jean Monnet Action; (ii) to substantiate the importance of the analysis of the Jean Monnet Action’s development and its relevance to the European integration processes; and (iii) based on a secondary statistical analysis method, to identify the main tendencies of the development of the Jean Monnet Action from the perspective of a geographical aspect, the number of actors and the number of projects (starting from the Jean Monnet Action’s implementation until the year 2010 – covering the period of two decades).

The research methods: analysis and synthesis of scientific literature and EU official documents; a secondary statistical analysis. The results of the article: highlighted the specificity of the Jean Monnet Action; substantiated the importance of the analysis of the Jean Monnet Action’s development and its relevance to the European integration processes; using the secondary statistical analysis method the development of the Jean Monnet Action from the perspective of geographical aspect and the number of actors and the number of projects (during the period of 1989-2010) was analysed. The analysis allowed to identify the main tendencies of the development of the Jean Monnet Actions and to foresee further ways and trends of the research in this field.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.eis.0.6.1802


Keywords


Jean Monnet Action; European integration; European Union; European Commission; Lifelong Learning Programme; secondary statistical analysis

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Print ISSN: 1822-8402
Online ISSN: 2335-8831