OPPORTUNITIES OF LAND USE IMPROVEMENT IN DAIRYING OF LATVIAN REGIONS
Keywords:Dairying, rural regions, agriculture, land resources
In Latvian economy, the dairying is one of the main production areas of the agriculture. It is evidenced by a comparatively high proportion of the dairies in rural entrepreneurship environment and by continuation of ancient traditions of milk production in rural regions.
The milk produced by larger or smaller dairying farms and sold to consumers or to the processors is for a lot of households the main source of income in the rural areas. Dairies had succeeded to be able to adapt elastically enough to the continuously changing entrepreneurship environment in rural areas and to social economic crashes under impact of the global financial crisis.
The production of dairying maintains still its dominant position among other livestock products in the country and provides more than 20 per cent of the added value in agriculture.
Similarly to other kinds of agricultural production, the developments in dairying depend, directly or indirectly, on land resources and their use. The study of the use of land by dairying farms gave evidence that a considerable instability there may be ascertained. It is characterised by the tendency of changes in the intensity of milk production in relation to the use of agricultural land that, in Latvian regions, differs significantly, making eventually a negative impact on a long-term development of milk cattle-breeding in the regions. It, in its turn, may result in unfavourable consequences for life quality improvement in rural areas, impeding the employment problems of economically active rural inhabitants.
The aim of the paper is to find ways for decreasing of differences in the intensity of the use of land by dairying farms, taking a closer look at the use of land resources by them in Latvian regions.
The paper will contain analysis of the present situation in land use by dairying farms, the evaluation of possible improvements in the use of land resources by the acting and future dairying farmers, as well as recommendations for complex solutions of urgent problems.The research was based on monographic method, synthesis and analysis, logical – constructive method and analysis of statistical data, expert method and inquiry.