modernization and transformation processes, networks and networking, unified social, economic, technological space, Baltic region, Europe of knowledge
Political and economic development processes in the Baltic region in the context of the challenges of creation of knowledge based society and knowledge economy in the European Union are analyzed. The main priorities of the political and economic changes in the Baltic countries, as well as of the modernization towards Europe of knowledge are discussed. Modernization processes, as well as controversial changes and the unified social, economic and technological space formation processes in the Baltic region are described and analyzed. The processes of the creation of knowledge based society and knowledge economy are comprehended as an important factor of further social, economic and technological modernization in the Baltic countries, as an precondition for more intensive and active integration of Baltic social and economic systems into the European and global economic and technological structures. The inter-Baltic countries integration processes are analyzed holistically. It is shown that the inter-Baltic countries integration cannot be separated from the formation of a unified social, economic and technological space. It is far more detailed, comprehending the complexity and duality of the formation of such a space, to discuss the array of questions which affect the Baltic region on the basis of its' being a system, as well as on the Baltic countries unified development details. The multidimensional conception of the Baltic region as a whole is described. This conception represents some possibilities for the formation of a unified social, economic and technological space. The main idea of this conception is the multidimensional evaluation of the development factors and processes in the Baltic countries. The conception of the Baltic region as a whole is related to ethnic, social, cultural, political and economic development process varieties, as well as the formation of a evaluation criteria for this region as a whole. The base condition, which must be followed for understanding the Baltic region as a system, is that the Baltic region must be understood as that whole together with the characteristic differences and signs of internal conflict. Also, these signs in the Baltic region are very clear; the analysis of these signs is a crucial link to understanding the Baltic region as a system. The problems and priorities of networking in the Baltic region are described in detail. The regularities of the political and economic development in the context of the changes towards Europe of knowledge, as well as the processes of formation of the unified social, economic and technological space in the Baltic region as an perspective research area is described.