THE THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL CHALLENGES OF EUROPEAN SECURITY COMMUNITY IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALISATION
Modern world and the inconsistent process of globalisation have given new dimensions to matters like national self-confidence, identification with a certain ethnos, traditions, symbols and history. Due to a number of factors borders have ceased to exist literally and figuratively. During the foundation and enlargement of modern Europe regional policy was mostly economically driven. It was declared that Europe has never been as prosperous, secure and free. Today we start to doubt this declaration and it is clear that history has brought us challenges that the founders of Europe could not imagine. What are the results of Europe’s “open door” policy, Schengen treaty and common financial, energy and transit policy? What exactly is the common foreign security policy and how successful it can be in the fast changing environment of today’s world? All these aspects have determined the need to shift emphasis of policy from economics to security and conceive the context of practically unlimited information space, the aggressive propaganda of hostile states (or pseudo states) and endless flow of refugee’s that contribute to international terrorism and national disturbances. The purpose of the study is to acknowledge the impact of the described current situation on the concept of national security and its transformation in the course of ongoing global processes. The tasks are to acknowledge the impact of Europe’s “open door” policy, comprehend the progress of Europe’s common security policies and estimate how successful it can be in the fast changing environment of today’s world. The author uses analytical synthesis and a number of scientific research methods to fulfil the tasks of the thesis and draw conclusions. Expert interviews were extensively performed to gather the opinion of field professionals. The study clearly indicates that Europe has comprehended the necessity of common security and defence policy. However alternating global situation withhold the progress and success of the implementation of this policy. Modification of the threat itself has brought new topics to the agenda of security community. Europe is sharing economical, energy and other issues but national security still is the field that each nation is left to consider individually. Physically building Europe’s security and defence capacity could be an ambitious plan but contemporary situation require radical actions. Nevertheless the most significant dilemma is the balance between sovereignty and common security interests.
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