THE PARTICIPATION BANKING AND ITS COMPARISON WITH DEPOSIT BANKING IN THE TURKISH FINANCE MARKET
Keywords:Bank, Finance Market, Finance Sector, Participation Bank, Islamic Bank, Interest Free Banking, Alternative Banking System
Financial systems and institutions has become the most important reason in the fragility of world economic system. The formation and development process of the financial structure also constitutes the infrastructure of the world economic system. The course of the financial system and development has led to debate with the financial crisis in 2009-2010. One of the discussion topic in order to eliminate problems caused by the conventional banking system is alternative financing systems. In our country, the corporations based on profit share system which are named participation based banking spotlight, if the alternative banking systems are considered. These banks which determine different principles in the risk distribution of the portfolio acquired are analyzed more nowadays. Participation based banks are placed in almost every regulation related to banking terms and get their legal infrastructure more stable in the banking legislation of our country. In this study, we try to find out the place and the importance of participation based banking with the various sub-headings especially in our country. We examine the comparative review 2007-2009 data of participation banks which Collected Turkish Currency and Foreign Currency Funds, Bank Loan Funds, Total Assets, Equity and Net Profit figures for the four participation banks in Turkey. We are comparing the total figures with deposit banks for the same period.
One of our primary goal in this essay, to study in the framework of the alternatives of the financial institutions and options. These options could be asserted as a vibrant and viable well established choice as a non-western model- different from the classical western interest based dominant banking system in the globe. Moreover, that participation banking systems’ growth, advancement and increase with its resourceful bulk of transactions and shares within the financial market. In addition, we intended to delineate the basic functioning structures, rules, norms, principles, procedures, operations of the Alternate banking system in the financial market.
After that, we have applied as a descriptive, explanatory, discursive and comparative analytic methodology to expound the matter in detail. Having gathered a large volume of literature reviews then we have concentrated on Turkey as a model state in that banking system practice; at which, what kind of instruments and tools used by referring basic indicators, data and information related to the growth, flourish and share of that sector within the total banking and financial system in Turkey.Furthermore, that participation banking system positions, researched in the country. Thus, it is explicated more concerns on by investigating its credits, deposits, financing formulation systems and commitments with the banks, customers and investors of the alternate banking system in the country’s financial order. At last, we have attempted to clarify and summarize the concepts, definitions, expositions, demonstrations, rules, assets, liabilities, equities etc.. by giving special cultural internalizations about the organizational and operational activities of the participation banks both similarities and discrepancies, too; so as to draw the attentions of the new researchers and studies in that situation.