THE POSITION OF KNOWLEDGE WORKERS IN KNOWLEDGE-BASED ECONOMY: MIGRATION ASPECT
Keywords:Knowledge workers; knowledge worker’s migration; “brain drain”; “brain gain”; “brain circulation”; knowledge worker’s migration factors.
The influence of workers for economy development is unquestioned phenomenon. The modern managerial theories highlight the emergence of new engines which stimulates the growth processes of economy. Knowledge and information consider as new types of growth engines totally changed the features of XXI’st century’s economy. As a consequence of USA’s economy’s transformations new class of workers – knowledge workers – emerged in the early 1960’s. It is a key to stress that economies’ of different world countries are shaped by many micro- and macro-factors. One of them is migration. As a rule knowledge-based economies’ (KBE) are particularly sensitive for the consequences of knowledge workers migration. Mentioned factors stimulated the choice of the object for the research. Wherefore comparing and systemizing different scientific works the definition of knowledge workers and classification of knowledge workers categories considering occupation are presented in the article. The analysis is pointed out to the explanation of factors of knowledge workers migration in the individual and governmental level. The conclusion was made that migration of knowledge workers usually causes the effects of “brain drain”, “brain gain”, “brain circulation”, “brain exchange” and “brain waste”. The expression of these is analyzed in the article as well. In order to suggest the concrete actions how to suspend and attract knowledge workers to Lithuania the tendencies of knowledge workers migration in EU and the world were presented in the article. There was highlighted the main destinations of knowledge workers migration as well as the traditional consequences of knowledge workers migration for the country’s economy.