Main Priorities for a Green Deal Towards a Climate - Neutral Europe
Keywords:green deal, climate neutral Europe, priorities
In 2019, the European Commission (EC) issued a communication on the European Green Deal (EGD), which marked a major transformation of the national economy to ensure a Europe neutral in 2050. One of the biggest challenges today is climate change, which is leading to environmental problems. To reduce these threats and risks to the world and humanity, the UN adopted 2015 the Paris Agreement, the United Nations (UN) Framework Convention on Climate Change, which sets out actions to reduce the effects of climate change. In 2019, the EC issued a statement stating that the European Union (EU) would be the first climate-neutral part of the world in 2050. To achieve this goal, activities, and goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030 are set within the framework of the EGD. Transformation processes will be a comprehensive change in all sectors of the tangible economy, making the EU’s economy competitive, and innovative, promoting resource efficiency, moving to a clean, circular economy and halting climate change, preventing biodiversity loss, and reducing pollution.
The article analyzes the goals and significance of the EGD toward a climate-neutral Europe. The aim of the article is to analyze the planned activities of the EGD, to evaluate the involvement of the state and society in achieving these goals.
Keywords: green deal, climate-neutral Europe, priorities
Butcher, S. I. (2005). The Origins of the Russel - Einstein "Manifesto". Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs.
Esposito M, Tse T, Soufani K. (2018). Introducing a Circular Economy: New Thinking with New Managerial and Policy Implications. California Management Review., 60(3), 5-19. doi:10.1177/0008125618764691
European Commission. (2015). Closing the loop - An EU action plan for the Circular Economy, COM/2015/0614 final URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52015DC0614
European Commission. (2019 a). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic, and Social Committee, and the Committee of the Regions, The European Green Deal, COM(2019) 640 final, URL: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52019DC0640
European Commission (2019 b) COM(2019) 640 final, annex: (1) Climate ambition (2) Clean, affordable, and secure energy (3) Industrial strategy for a clean and circular economy (4) Sustainable and smart mobility (5) Greening the Common Agricultural Policy/ “Farm to Fork strategy” (6) Preserving and protecting biodiversity (7) Towards a zero pollution ambition for a toxic-free environment (8) Mainstreaming sustainability in all EU policies (9) The EU as a global leader (10) Working together-a European Climate Pact. URL: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:52019DC0640&from=ET
European Commission (2020) COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE, AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS A Farm to Fork Strategy for a fair, healthy, and environmentally-friendly food system, COM/2020/381 final. URL: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52020DC0381
European Commission (2021) COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE, AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS Updating the 2020 New Industrial Strategy: Building a stronger Single Market for Europe’s recovery, COM/2021/350 final. URL: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM:2021:350:FIN
European Parliament (2021) REGULATION (EU) 2021/1119 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 30 June 2021 establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulations (EC) No 401/2009 and (EU) 2018/1999 (‘European Climate Law’). URL: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32021R1119
Klein, N., Ramos, T. B., & Deutz, P. (2020). Circular economy practices and strategies in public sector organizations: An integrative review. Sustainability, 12(10), https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104181 URL: https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3510997
Meadows, D.M., Meadows, D.L., Randers, J., Behrens, W.W. . (1972). The limits to growth. . New York: UniverseBook. URL: https://www.donellameadows.org/wp-content/userfiles/Limits-to-Growth-digital-scan-version.pdf
Miccinilli, M. (2020). Europe's green deal needs to effectively handle rising distributional effects. European Energy & Climate Journal, 9(1), 15-17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4337/eecj.2020.01.02
Ministry of Environment, Japan. (2019). Our Actions for a resource-efficient future: Following up G7 Progress on Toyama Framework on Material Cycles and 5-year Bologna Roadmap, A synthesis report as a follow-up activity of the G7 Alliance on Resource Efficiency. Edited and compiled by Aoki-Suzuki, C., Miyazawa, I., Kato, M., and Fushimi, E. of the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES).
Sikora, A. European Green Deal – legal and financial challenges of the climate change. ERA Forum 21, 681–697 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12027-020-00637-3
Schumacher, E F. (1973) Small is beautiful. The United States.URL: https://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/students/envs_5110/small_is_beautiful.pdf
United Nations. (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future – Transmitted to the General Assembly as an Annex to document A/42/427. URL: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5987our-common-future.pdf
United Nations. (2015 a). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. URL: https://sdgs.un.org/2030agenda
United Nations (2015 b) Paris Agreement (Dec. 13, 2015), in UNFCCC, COP Report No. 21, Addendum, at 21, U.N. Doc. FCCC/CP/2015/10/Add, 1 (Jan. 29, 2016) (Paris Agreement). The EU adhered to the Paris Agreement, see Decision 2016/1841on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of the Paris Agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, (OJ 2016, L 282, p. 1). https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/english_paris_agreement.pdf
Webster, K., MacArthur, E. (2016). The Circular Economy: A Wealth of Flows: 2nd Edition.